A species of Vitis native around the world from the Mediterranean regions, to central Europe and southwestern Asia. The vines grow up to 35 yards in length, and are characterized by a flaky bark. The fruit, known as a grape, ripens from dark purple to black. Its colour ranges from green, to red, to purplish black. Typical uses of the grapes include raw consumption, wine processing and raisin production. Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the foundation of the bulk of wine production around the world.