Hawthorn is a common thorny shrub or tree in the rose family that is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, most commonly in Northern China. It can grow anywhere between 1.5- 15 metres tall, typically on hillsides and in sunny wooded areas. Hawthorne leaves are shiny with serrated edges and grow in spirals on long, thorny branches. Its flowers are small white, red or pink clusters that bloom in summer, following which berries, called haws, sprout. When ripe, the berries turn red or black. They grow in small white, red, or pink clusters. Small berries, called haws, sprout after the flowers. The haw fruit is a small, oval dark red pome about 1 cm long, with a sweet aftertaste that is popularly used to make jams, wines, jellies and syrups and the processed Chinese snack, haw flakes.

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